Tool Box
Notched Trowel
Grout Float
Measuring Tape
Grout Sponge
Level
Tile Cutter
Mixing Bucket
Drill
Mixing Bit
Spacers
Box cutter or heavy duty cutter
Gloves
Dust mask
Goggles
Margin trowel
Chalk Line

Steps

How to prepare your floor with Ditra
  1. Measure your floor to determine the correct amount of product. Always include 15% waste to your final calculations.
  2. Remove any existing material (i.e. Tiles or Laminate flooring) currently on the floor and clean the surface of dirt and debris. If not already, increase the floor to 1 1/4" thick by adding plywood boards. Installing the boards by first laying them offset to the current joints and nailing in place.
  3. Check for inconsistencies in the floor, such as dips or hollow spot, and smooth them out with a self levelling mortar. It is recommended to leave the mortar for the appropriate period of time to dry before moving forward with the Ditra installation. Measure out and pre-cut sheets if Ditra to fit the size of the room. Lay them out according to where they will be installed.
  4. Mix the modified grey mortar into your mixing bucket and install over the subfloor using a 1/4" notched trowel. It is advised to ware a dust mask, goggles and gloves as mortar is caustic. Be sure to only apply enough mortar to bond one sheet of Ditra at a time. Smooth out the sheet(s) and leave to dry.

How to prepare your floor with Wire Mesh:
  1. Measure your floor to determine the correct amount of product. Always include 15% waste to your final calculations.
  2. Remove any existing material (i.e. Tiles or Laminate flooring) currently on the floor and clean the surface of dirt and debris. If not already, increase the floor to 1 1/4" thick by adding plywood boards. Installing the boards by first laying them offset to the current joints and nailing in place.
  3. Measure out and cut sheets if wire mesh to fit the size of the room. Lay the sheet(s) out and staple them to the subfloor.
  4. Mix the dry pack mortar in your mixing bucket with mortar according to the instructions provided by the manufacturer. It is advised to ware a dust mask, goggles and gloves as mortar is caustic. Apply a " mortar bed over the wire mesh, constantly checking to ensure the surface is level with either a level or straight piece of wood. Leave the dry pack to set for 12-24 hours, or until completely dry.

How to prepare your floor with Wire Mesh:
  1. Measure your floor to determine the correct amount of product. Always include 15% waste to your final calculations.
  2. Remove any existing material (i.e. Tiles or Laminate flooring) currently on the floor and clean the surface of dirt and debris.
  3. Measure out and cut the boards to fit the size of the room.
  4. Mix a bag of Polymer Modified Grey Mortar in your bucket with water as directed by the manufacturer. It is advised to ware a dust mask, goggles and gloves as mortar is caustic. Apply the mortar to the subfloor with a 1/4" notched trowel to cover enough surface to bond one board at a time.
  5. Lay the board(s) offset to the current joints over the mortar leaving a 1/4" gap between the board and the wall. It is advised to leave a 1/8" gap between each board as well. Drive backer board screws into the sheet(s) every 8".
  6. Fill and cover the backer board joints with the mortar using a margin trowel and smooth out. Apply either a 2" fibreglass tape or Kerdi Band and scrape off any excess adhesive. This will provide a water resistant seam to help prevent mould.

How to prepare a concrete floor for tiling:
  1. Remove any existing material (i.e. Tiles or Laminate flooring) currently on the floor and clean the surface of dirt and debris.
  2. Check for inconsistencies in the floor, such as dips or hollow spot, and smooth them out with a self levelling mortar. It is recommended to leave the mortar for the appropriate period of time to dry before moving forward with the installation.

Applying Tiles to the Prepared Surface:
  1. Begin by using a level and putting a chalk line across the centre of the space. Find the centre of that line and draw a perpendicular chalk line. Both lines should span across the space and create a cross or "x" on the floor. This will be your guide for the first two rows of tiles.
  2. Space out your tiles across the lines you just created with spacers to get a feel for the design. If there are any cuts, be sure to either hide the cut under a fixed piece (i.e. built in cabinet) or split the cuts so the tiles at the start and finish are equally cut. This layout will define the appearance of your final install, so it is important to take time to adjust and re-measure if necessary to create an accurate grid.
  3. Begin to mix the appropriate mortar for your installation in your mixing bucket according to the manufacturers' instructions. It is advised to ware a dust mask, goggles and gloves when working with mortar as it is caustic. All porcelain and ceramic tiles will use a grey modified mortar, unless you're installing over Ditra then you will use a grey unmodified mortar. All natural stone tiles will be installed the same, but require a white mortar to prevent color absorption. Use the notched trowel, generally a 1/2" or 3/8" square notch, and spread the mortar on a 2-3 square foot surface at a time. Hold the trowel at a 45 degree angle with the teeth of the trowel touching the floor and simply drag the mortar across. It's recommended to cross back over your previous application to smooth out any air bubbles.
  4. Apply a small amount of mortar to the back of the tiles using the same technique as on the floor, but with half the amount of product. Lay the tile(s) down onto the floor into the adhesive and apply pressure to create a bond. Apply your next tile in the same fashion with spacers in between the tiles. Remove any excess mortar from the tile face and grout joins as you go and check to ensure each tile is level. Repeat this process across the floor. When you approach cuts, it is best to leave them all for the final portion on the installation.
  5. To create cuts, place the tile directly over the last set tile. Place an extra tile vertical on the wall as a guide to create a space. Set another tile, the "marker tile," on top of it, butting it against a tile set on the edge at the wall. Trace along the marker tile to mark the cutting line on the tile below. Use your tile cutter, preferably a wet saw, to cut along the marked line. It is advised to wear goggles when cutting any tile.
  6. Once the surface is dry, begin applying the grout. Mix the grout according to the instructions, or until it has reached a peanut butter consistency, in your mixing bucket. Apply to the dry tile surface using the grout float in a cross sweeping pattern, held at a 45 degree. The grout should be pushed over the tile joints in 2-3 directions to ensure they are appropriately filled in.
  7. Begin removing the excess grout 5-10 minutes after application. You'll be aware of the appropriate time because the grout will begin to show a white haze. Fill a clean bucket with water and use your grout sponge remove the grout by washing the floor. Be sure not to use too much water or wash in a spiral motion. For the best effect, pull the grout towards yourself in a dragging motion. This may have to be repeated once or twice with glossy or textured tiles.
  8. Use a clean, dry cloth to buff the entire surface clean of any dry particles.
  9. Seal any necessary surfaces, such as grout or natural stone tiles, 3-5 days after applying the grout.

Tips

Avoid walking on the Ditra as much as possible by starting at the back end of the room and working our way out. Smooth out the surface as you lay each sheet of Ditra. It is advised not to walk on the Ditra until the mortar has dried if possible.

Were canvas gloves to protect your hands during the installation of the wire mesh.

Split the mortar bag into halves, or quarters, while mixing so to not over mix at a time. If the mortar begins to set in the bucket it will be garbage.
If your concrete floor has a drain, such as in a laundry room, consider using a dry pack mortar to level inconsistencies in the floor. Always make sure the floor has a 2 degree slope throughout to provide appropriate drainage.
It is advised to ware a dust mask, goggles and gloves when working with mortar as it is caustic
Use a small amount of water to dampen the surface of the floor prior to applying the mortar. This will assist the mortar and create a stronger bond to the floor.
Your tile cutter depends on the type of tile you've purchased. As your Factory Tile Depot showroom consultant for advise when purchasing your next installation tools.
 
 
 
 
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